Encyclopedia

August 14, 2017 14:04

  • Abkhazia Parliament after battles in September 1993. Photo: Yufereff War in Abkhazia (1992-1993): main facts

    25 years ago, on August 14, 1992, the war in Abkhazia began. The conflict broke out after the Supreme Soviet of the Abkhaz ASSR, having restored the Constitution of Abkhazia of 1925, proclaimed the independence of the republic. The State Soviet of Georgia abolished this decision and deployed the troops of the National Guard of Georgia in Abkhazia.

May 25, 2017 23:27

March 01, 2017 10:58

  • Svetlana Anokhina. Photo from Svetlana Anokhina's personal archive Svetlana Anokhina

    Svetlana Anokhina, a journalist from Dagestan, has published a book "There Was Such A City. Makhachkala". In 2015, she continued her publicist project in other books of the series. Ms Anokhina is widely known as the author of the Daptar.ru portal, which posts resonant stories of Caucasian women.

December 21, 2016 23:19

  • Gerbert Gevorgyan. Screenshot o video posted by user Epress. am https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HetZA5fpvqY Gerbert Gevorgyan

    Gerbert Gevorgyan is a member of Yerevan art group “Counterstrike”, which responds to resonant events in the society, both in Armenia and abroad. In 2015, he actively participated in graffiti actions in support of employees of the “Nairit” Factory, Shant Arutyunyan, the organizer of the “Million Mask March”, and other political activists.

December 21, 2016 23:16

  • Gyunay Ismayilova. Photo: http://www.amerikaninsesi.org/a/gunay_ismayilova/2614206.html Gyunay Ismayilova

    Gyunay Ismayilova is one of the most active members of the Azerbaijani NGO "Institute for Reporters’ Freedom and Safety" (IRFS). In 2015, despite the pressure and persecutions, she organized, on the volunteer basis, monitoring of court trials against human rights defenders and journalists, and published information about human rights violation in Azerbaijan.

December 21, 2016 22:58

  • Elena Zavodskaya. Photo|: http://apsnyteka.org/690-zavodskaiya_e_izbrannye_statji.html Elena Zavodskaya

    Elena Zavodskaya, an Abkhazian journalist, has covered the legal proceedings at courts of the Russian Gulgaz Mamedova, from whom her husband’s relatives had taken away took a child, and of Liana Todua, who died because of doctors’ incompetence.

December 21, 2016 22:54

  • Albert Voskanyan. Photo: http://nashasreda.ru/albert-voskanyan/ Albert Zavenovich Voskanyan

    In 2015, the social activist Albert Voskanyan achieved the resumption of monitoring the penitentiary establishments of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR). He defended prisoners’ rights and was engaged in activities of social rehabilitation of former prisoners.

December 21, 2016 22:47

  • Dina Alborova. Photo: http://www.arnews.ru/news/1615055.html Dina Alborova

    Over a long period of time, Dina Alborova, an activist and political analyst, has fought for the rights of non-government organizations (NGOs) of South Ossetia, which were under pressure from the authorities.

December 21, 2016 22:40

  • Gela Nikolaishvili. Photo: Mzia Saganelidze (RFE/RL) Gela Nikolaishvili

    Gela Nikolaishvili was nominated for the “Hero of the Caucasus-2015” contest of the “Caucasian Knot” for achieving particular results in helping people.

December 21, 2016 22:38

  • Tamta Mikeladze. Photo: http://dfwatch.net/did-the-police-action-on-may-26-comply-with-international-standards-98798-3072/tamta-mikeladze-1 Tamta Mikeladze

    In 2015, Tamta Mikeladze, a lawyer from Ajara and an employee of the NGO “Centre for Training and Human Rights Monitoring”; defended the interests of the owner of the children’s Muslim boarding school in Kobuleti, the closure of which was demanded by local residents; also, she acted as advocate of the LGBT activists, detained in Tbilisi on May 17, 2014, on charge of resisting the police.

December 11, 2016 04:32

  • Zaurbiy Chundyshko. Photo: http://tuapsepress.com/full.php?id=680 Zaurbiy Turkubievich Chundyshko

    In 2015, Zaurbiy Chundyshko, a public figure from Adygea, held a solo picket in memory of Judy Maf, an 11-year-old Circassian girl, who lived with her parents in the Adyg village of Marj Alsultan and was killed in Syria on September 26. The aim of the picket was to attract attention to the problem of repatriation of Circassians from Syria, where over 200,000 Circassians live.

December 11, 2016 04:31

  • Igor Stenin. Photo by Elena Grebenyuk for the 'Caucasian Knot'. Igor Anatolievich Stenin

    In 2015, Igor Stenin, a public activist from Astrakhan, openly stated rights violations of Russian residents of the region and organized an action in support of the rights of the Russian population.

December 11, 2016 04:28

  • Semyon Ateev. Photo: http://ekgazeta.ru/articles/1130-mezhdu-nami-zabor Semyon Nikolaevich Ateev

    In 2015, human rights defender Semyon Ateev publicly criticized the national policy in Kalmykia; he stated the infringement of the rights of the Kalmyk language.

December 11, 2016 04:28

  • Valery Dyakonov. Photo: DonNews.ru Valery Petrovich Dyakonov

    In 2015, Valery Dyakonov, a public activist from the Rostov Region protected the rights of deceived citizens, who received in the city clinical hospital invalid certificates for obtaining driver's licenses. Also in 2015, Mr Dyakonov achieved the issuance of overalls and payment wages in full to the ambulance staff.

December 11, 2016 04:24

  • Alexander Saveliev. Photo: http://golos-kubani.ru/ Alexander Valerievich Saveliev

    In 2015, Alexander Saveliev, an activist of the "Environmental Watch for Northern Caucasus" (EcoWatch) from Krasnodar, a blogger and rights defender, supported the political prisoner and ecologist Evgeny Vitishko, and fought against the capture of territories and unauthorized waste dumping.

December 11, 2016 04:23

  • Valery Kotelnikov. Photo by Vladimir Titov Valery Vladimirovich Kotelnikov

    In 2015, Valery Kotelnikov from Volgograd was addressing the problems of illegal city development and preservation of architectural monuments.

December 01, 2016 18:42

  • Zhalaudi Geriev. Photo by Patimat Makhmudova for the 'Caucasian Knot'. Key facts about Geriev's case: from kidnapping to appeal

    On September 5, 2016, Chechen journalist Zhalaudi Geriev, working for the 'Caucasian Knot', was sentenced to three years of imprisonment in a penal colony on charges of drug possession. Prior to his arrest, on April 16, 2016, Geriev was kidnapped by armed men on his way to the airport after he had already bought an airline ticket and registered online. After kidnapping law enforcers confiscated his phones and backpack, which allegedly contained drugs. The armed men then took the journalist to the forest and questioned him, tying his hands and putting a plastic bag over his head.

November 30, 2016 16:26

  • Toma Tsechoeva Toma Tsechoeva

    Toma Tsechoeva, an Ingush human rights defender, protected the rights of Magomed Aushev, who had been tortured by law enforcers after his detention on suspicion of opening fire from a car of a wedding cortege.

November 30, 2016 16:19

  • Alaudi Musaev. Photo by Magomed Tuayev for the ‘Caucasian Knot’. Alaudi Nazhmudinovich Musaev

    In 2015, the lawyer Alaudi Musaev defended the rights of Kurman-Ali Baichorov, the Imam from the city of Kislovodsk, openly stating the lawlessness of power agents. He filed a complaint to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) aiming to defend Baichorov’s rights. He managed to achieve the Imam’s release under the recognisance not to leave.

November 30, 2016 15:33

  • Ruslan Dauev. Photo from personal archive. Ruslan Elbrusovich Dauev

    In 2015, Ruslan Dauev, a lawyer from Vladikavkaz, defended the rights of the family of Ruslan Tskaev, detained on suspicion of attempted murder of a policeman, who died due to abuse of power of employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA). As a result, 10 current MIA employees have been already attracted to criminal liability.

November 30, 2016 15:25

  • Khachim Zheligashtov. Photo from personal page in http://vk.com Khachim Anatolievich Zheligashtov

    In 2015, Khachim Zheligashtov, a public figure from the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic (KBR), helped repatriates from Syria and low-income families in the KBR. He organized several charity actions.

November 30, 2016 15:19

  • Ruslan Martagov. Photo: RFE/RL Ruslan Magomedovich Martagov

    In 2015, Ruslan Martagov, a political analyst from Chechnya, made a number of statements on arbitrariness of the authorities of the Chechen Republic and persecutions of the dissent.

November 30, 2016 15:15

  • Ruslan Kambiev. Photo: RFE/RL Ruslan Khadji-Muratovich Kambiev

    In 2015, Ruslan Kambiev, a blogger and human rights defender, initiated the creation of an independent North-Caucasian expert-analytical centre, which united human rights defenders, journalists and public activists of the North-Caucasian Federal District (NCFD) and other regions of the country. Mr Kambiev openly stated pressure by the authorities on public activists, the formation of "manual" councils and public chambers in regions, which fail to raise real problems of interest to the society.

September 15, 2016 17:40

September 15, 2016 16:21

September 09, 2016 23:53

September 09, 2016 18:13

April 17, 2015 20:36

  • Detention of Intigam Aliev (right), Baku, August 8, 2015. Photo by Aziz Karimov for the ‘Caucasian Knot’. Prosecution of human rights defenders and civil society activists in Azerbaijan

    In summer of 2014, Azerbaijan faced a wave of arrests of opposition politicians, journalists, and human rights defenders. In particular, the story of Leyla and Arif Yunus spouses got resonance beyond Azerbaijan. Baku officials declared inadmissibility of interference in the internal affairs of the state; in turn, opposition and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including the Amnesty International (AI), the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the Human Rights Watch (HRW), protested against the actions of the state security of Azerbaijan.

April 17, 2015 15:35

  • Khadija Ismayilova. Photo by Aziz Karimov for the 'Caucasian Knot' Khadija Ismayilova

    Azerbaijani journalist, author of the series of journalist reports dealing with state-level corruption in Azerbaijan. On October 24, 2012, she was awarded the Courage of Journalism Award founded by the International Women's Media Foundation (IWMF).

December 29, 2014 19:15

  • Militants of "Imarat Kavkaz" recognized in Russia and the US as a terrorist organization. Photo: http://rus.azattyq.org/content/dagestan-ubit-glava-imarata-kavkaza/26969288.html Imarat Kavkaz (Caucasus Emirate)

    It is a self-proclaimed separatist Islamic state and territorial formation in Northern Caucasus. It was recognized as a terrorist organization in the United States and Russia. The full name is the "Islamic State Imarat Kavkaz".

November 27, 2014 23:52

  • Militants of "Imarat Kavkaz" recognized as a terrorist organization. Photo: http://www.kuzbassislam.ru/news-60151.html Caucasians in the ranks of IS (ISIL)

    Different sources, including the Russia's FSB, have confirmed the information that militants from Russia are fighting for the Islamic State (IS) (earlier – the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – ISIL), a self-proclaimed entity in the territory of Syria and Iraq. The material of the "Caucasian Knot" below tells about penetration of natives of the Caucasus into the conflict zone and provides estimates of the number of them.

July 08, 2014 19:51

  • Ruslan Kutaev. Photo: Radio Marsho (RFE/RL), www.radiomarsho.com Kutaev's case: chronology and details

    Ruslan Kutaev (born in 1957, resident of Achkhoi-Martan village, Chechen Republic) is the President of the international public-political movement "Assembly of Caucasian Nations", head of the international committee on North Caucasus problems, member of the Supreme Political Council of the party ‘Alliance of Greens and Social Democrats’. Kutaev has been kept under arrest since February 20, 2014 on charges of illegal drug possession. On June 19, 2014, the Human Rights Centre (HRC) "Memorial" recognized Kutaev to be a political prisoner. On July 7 he was sentenced to four years of imprisonment in general regime colony.

Infographics. The statistics of the number of victims in the North Caucasian Federal District regions for the period of 6 years.

Infographics. The statistics of the number of victims in the North Caucasian Federal District regions for the period of 6 years

Over the past six years, from 2010 to early 2016, the number of victims of the armed conflict in the North Caucasus has decreased significantly. A stable tendency for reduction of the number of people killed and injured in the regions of the North Caucasian Federal District is shown in the infographics below, prepared by the "Caucasian Knot" and based on its own data and open sources information. By clicking each figure, you can see distribution of casualties in the center of the circle, divided by categories such as security forces, militants, and civilians.

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Firearm incidents and victims in Northern Caucasus

Infographics. Statistics of victims

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