August 14, 2017 14:04

  • Abkhazia Parliament after battles in September 1993. Photo: Yufereff War in Abkhazia (1992-1993): main facts

    25 years ago, on August 14, 1992, the war in Abkhazia began. The conflict broke out after the Supreme Soviet of the Abkhaz ASSR, having restored the Constitution of Abkhazia of 1925, proclaimed the independence of the republic. The State Soviet of Georgia abolished this decision and deployed the troops of the National Guard of Georgia in Abkhazia.

May 25, 2017 23:27

December 01, 2016 18:42

  • Zhalaudi Geriev. Photo by Patimat Makhmudova for the 'Caucasian Knot'. Key facts about Geriev's case: from kidnapping to appeal

    On September 5, 2016, Chechen journalist Zhalaudi Geriev, working for the 'Caucasian Knot', was sentenced to three years of imprisonment in a penal colony on charges of drug possession. Prior to his arrest, on April 16, 2016, Geriev was kidnapped by armed men on his way to the airport after he had already bought an airline ticket and registered online. After kidnapping law enforcers confiscated his phones and backpack, which allegedly contained drugs. The armed men then took the journalist to the forest and questioned him, tying his hands and putting a plastic bag over his head.

April 17, 2015 20:36

  • Detention of Intigam Aliev (right), Baku, August 8, 2015. Photo by Aziz Karimov for the ‘Caucasian Knot’. Prosecution of human rights defenders and civil society activists in Azerbaijan

    In summer of 2014, Azerbaijan faced a wave of arrests of opposition politicians, journalists, and human rights defenders. In particular, the story of Leyla and Arif Yunus spouses got resonance beyond Azerbaijan. Baku officials declared inadmissibility of interference in the internal affairs of the state; in turn, opposition and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including the Amnesty International (AI), the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the Human Rights Watch (HRW), protested against the actions of the state security of Azerbaijan.

December 29, 2014 19:15

  • Militants of "Imarat Kavkaz" recognized in Russia and the US as a terrorist organization. Photo: Imarat Kavkaz (Caucasus Emirate)

    It is a self-proclaimed separatist Islamic state and territorial formation in Northern Caucasus. It was recognized as a terrorist organization in the United States and Russia. The full name is the "Islamic State Imarat Kavkaz".

November 27, 2014 23:52

  • Militants of "Imarat Kavkaz" recognized as a terrorist organization. Photo: Caucasians in the ranks of IS (ISIL)

    Different sources, including the Russia's FSB, have confirmed the information that militants from Russia are fighting for the Islamic State (IS) (earlier – the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – ISIL), a self-proclaimed entity in the territory of Syria and Iraq. The material of the "Caucasian Knot" below tells about penetration of natives of the Caucasus into the conflict zone and provides estimates of the number of them.

July 08, 2014 19:51

  • Ruslan Kutaev. Photo: Radio Marsho (RFE/RL), Kutaev's case: chronology and details

    Ruslan Kutaev (born in 1957, resident of Achkhoi-Martan village, Chechen Republic) is the President of the international public-political movement "Assembly of Caucasian Nations", head of the international committee on North Caucasus problems, member of the Supreme Political Council of the party ‘Alliance of Greens and Social Democrats’. Kutaev has been kept under arrest since February 20, 2014 on charges of illegal drug possession. On June 19, 2014, the Human Rights Centre (HRC) "Memorial" recognized Kutaev to be a political prisoner. On July 7 he was sentenced to four years of imprisonment in general regime colony.

February 12, 2014 20:17

  • View of the city of Sochi. Photo: Sergey Subbotin, Sochi Olympics: environmental problems

    The "Caucasian Knot" has compiled a set of most serious environmental problems associated with the Olympic Games in Sochi. The below chronology is based on the materials of the "Caucasian Knot" correspondents for the period from 2006 to 2013.

January 16, 2014 19:15

  • Olympic Rings, Sochi, Olympic Games in Sochi: Contacts for the Media

    The 2014 Winter Olympic Games and the city of Sochi are more and more often an object of attention of Russian and foreign mass media. Journalists try to get information about what happens in the city not only from official sources, but also from civil society activists. In order to help our Russian and foreign colleagues, the editorial board of the "Caucasian Knot" hereby presents a brief directory with contact data of independent Sochi activists, lawyers, ecologists and politicians, who are ready to communicate with media people. The directory also provides contacts of the city and territorial officials and power bodies.

December 30, 2013 10:44

December 20, 2013 19:10

  • Banner at the rally in support of the arrested activists of "Ecological Watch for Northern Caucasus" Evgeny Vitishko and Suren Gazaryan. March 17, 2012. Photo by Svetlana Kravchenko for the ‘Caucasian Knot’. Persecutions of civil society activists in Krasnodar and Sochi

    In 2013, in the Krasnodar Territory, a broad range of civil and political activists were persecuted by local authorities. The pretexts were the campaign launched by the authorities to tighten control over non-profit organizations (NPOs) and the growing social tension related to the upcoming Olympic Games in Sochi. The "Caucasian Knot" has compiled the most notable cases of pressure on activists in Krasnodar and Sochi.

November 13, 2013 09:09

August 31, 2012 18:00

September 22, 2003 22:18

  • Muslim ethic

    This is a set of rules and morals that guide Muslims in their everyday life. Like a lot in the Muslim world, the Muslim ethic is primarily based on the Koran and Sunnah.

September 22, 2003 22:14

  • Muslim holidays

    These are holidays traditionally celebrated by Muslims. The most important of them are common to the entire Muslim world.

September 22, 2003 22:11

  • Muslim rituals

    Muslim rituals reflect Muslim beliefs and serve as a basis for the Islamic cult. The most important of them are common to the entire Muslim world.

September 22, 2003 22:06

  • Russian Council of Muftis

    The organization unites heads of Muslim spiritual boards around the country. This is done for coordination of their activities; a board remains entirely independent when its leader joins the Council.

September 22, 2003 22:02

  • Union of Russian Muslims

    Like other contemporary successful Muslim movements in Russia, the Union of Russian Muslims is quite moderate in its platform. Since its leader was arrested its activity has remarkably fell though.

September 22, 2003 21:58

September 22, 2003 21:54

  • Nur, Muslim movement

    Nur is a broad-based Muslim socio-political movement in Russia. Its moderate, but consistent platform allows it to enjoy increasing support of the Muslim public around the country.

September 22, 2003 21:48

  • Islamic socio-political movements in Russia

    The Muslim renaissance brought about by the break-up of the USSR has led to the emergence of a number of Muslim movements in Russia. Some of them have already left the scene, while others are still developing.

September 22, 2003 21:39

  • Battle for Caucasus

    The Battle for the Caucasus is a series of military operations in the N. Caucasus conducted by the Armed Forces of Russia and Nazi Germany. It began on July 25, 1942, and ended on October 9, 1943.

September 22, 2003 21:29

  • Borga Kash

    Borga Kash is the earliest of the surviving Muslim monuments in Ingushetia. It was built in 1405-06 in honor of a certain Bek-Sultan and since then has become a very revered place.

September 22, 2003 21:20

  • Islam in Russia

    Islam is the second religion in the number of adherents in Russia. The Muslim community has survived the Russian Empire and Soviet government and is now going through a renaissance.

September 07, 2003 20:17

  • Khushtada ziyarat

    The Khushtada ziyarat is the "holy" grave of three Naqshbandi sheikhs of the XIX-XX centuries, evidence of the cult of "holy" martyrs among the Muslims in Soviet and present-day Dagestan.

September 07, 2003 20:12

  • Azov sitting

    In 1637, a relatively small Cossack company took the powerful Turkish fortress of Azov and held it until 1642, having withstood a serious siege. This striking event was reflected in tales of the XVII cent. Azov siege sitting.

September 07, 2003 20:05

  • Kuban Cossack Host

    Quartered in the Kuban region, the Kuban Cossack Host was used by the czar to protect Russia's southern borders. It took part in military campaigns, was abolished in 1920. It has presently been restored.

September 07, 2003 19:56

  • Don Cossack Host

    The Don Cossack Host formed the most numerous part of the Cossacks in pre-revolutionary Russia. Quartered in the Don area, it protected Russia's southern borders and took part in military campaigns, was disbanded in 1920 and restored in the late 1980s.

August 31, 2003 21:50

  • Terek Cossack Host

    Part of the Cossacks in pre-revolutionary Russia quartered in the Terek region, formed in 1577 and abolished in 1920. It was restored in the 1990s and has been taking an active part in the counter-terrorist operation in Chechnya.

August 31, 2003 21:45

  • Duldul Ali

    Holy place, named after the horse of the fourth "Righteous Caliph," Ali ibn Abi Talib. Caliph Ali's name is also bound up with the place names in Talysh/Talish, Azerbaijan: Ali-riz and Ali-chopan.

August 31, 2003 21:31

  • Mahkamah Syariah

    Mahkamahs Syariah are Sharia courts. For a while, they played an important part in post-revolutionary Russia, but were abolished as the Soviet government was firmly established.

August 31, 2003 21:13

  • Kahf

    In the Muslim cosmology, Kahf is a great mountain surrounding the Earth. In the earthly geography, Kahf corresponds to the Caucasian highlands where mountain-linked cults are widespread.

August 22, 2003 08:05

  • Abu Muslim

    Abu Muslim is the hero of Muslim folklore of the Northeast Caucasus. Legends, tales, and chronicles about him date back to different periods and are based on various sources.

August 21, 2003 05:32

  • Ossetian wedding ceremony

    One of the most important and joyful Ossetian customs is the wedding ceremony. Here is an account of the traditional Ossetian wedding with all its common and specific features.

Infographics. The statistics of the number of victims in the North Caucasian Federal District regions for the period of 6 years.

Infographics. The statistics of the number of victims in the North Caucasian Federal District regions for the period of 6 years

Over the past six years, from 2010 to early 2016, the number of victims of the armed conflict in the North Caucasus has decreased significantly. A stable tendency for reduction of the number of people killed and injured in the regions of the North Caucasian Federal District is shown in the infographics below, prepared by the "Caucasian Knot" and based on its own data and open sources information. By clicking each figure, you can see distribution of casualties in the center of the circle, divided by categories such as security forces, militants, and civilians.


Firearm incidents and victims in Northern Caucasus

Find Caucasian Knot partners: