18 May 2003, 04:19

Tamara

Tamara, Queen of Georgia in 1184-1207; born in mid-1160s, died in 1207, according to refined data.

During Tamara's reign, Georgia achieved much military and political success. The Georgian troops defeated atabek Abubekr and his allies in the battle of Shamkhor in 1194, the Rumi sultan Ruknaddin in the battle of Basiani in 1202, captured Kars in 1204, and brought virtually all Transcaucasia under Tamara's rule. In the lands seized from Byzantium, a Trapezund Empire appeared, which was under Georgia's political influence for a long time. Georgia's vassals and tributaries were sultan of Erzink, emir of Arzrum, sultan of Khlat, and North-Caucasian highlander rulers.

In the first years of Tamara's reign, the large feudal lords were in favor of the idea of transferring the legislative power to the assembly of the top layer of the society and maintaining the executive power only by the Queen. After the negotiations, Tamara maintained both the right of the ruling and the right of legislature, but she lost the supremacy of a monocracy decision in the state affairs, which were solved jointly by Tamara and the members of the Supreme State Council Darbazi. The domination of the feudal aristocracy caused discontent among the oppressed population. During her rule, Tamara cruelly suppressed the rebellions of the Georgian highlanders who came forward against the establishment of feudal order among them. During her reign, many roads, bridges, caravanserais, fortresses, churches, and monasteries were built. Tamara patronized sciences and arts. Chakhrukhadze's and Shavteli's odes and Shota Rustaveli's epic Warrior in Tiger Skin are dedicated to her.

In 1185, Tamara married Prince Andrey Bogolyubsky's son Yury, whom she divorced two years later. Tamara remarried in 1189 - David Soslani, descendant of the Ossetian branch of the Georgian Bagrationi family.

Later, Tamara was canonized by the Georgian Orthodox Church and Russian Orthodox Church.

All news

March 18, 2019 13:08

  • Ten signs of fabrication in Oyub Titiev's case reported before verdict

    On March 18, in Chechnya, a court will pronounce the verdict to Oyub Titiev, the head of the Human Rights Centre (HRC) "Memorial" office in Grozny. The defence has managed to draw attention to the trial, and that fact will positively affect the Oyub Titiev's reputation and security, his advocate believes. The HRC "Memorial" presented 10 facts proving the falsification of the Oyub Titiev's case.

March 18, 2019 13:02

March 18, 2019 12:59

March 18, 2019 12:57

March 17, 2019 11:36

  • Residents of Chechnya find excuses for MP's words about Russians unpersuasive

    The public statement about dislike for Russians was misunderstood, said Magomed Khanbiev, a Chechen MP, explaining that he meant militaries. Djambulat Umarov, a Chechen Minister, has supported Khanbiev, also pointing to an inaccurate interpretation of his words. However, social network users and republic's residents are sceptical of these statements.

News archive