14 May 2003, 02:33
Narimanov, Nariman Kerbalay Nadjaf-ogly
Revolutionary and politician.
Born April 2 (14), 1870, in Tiflis, in a poor Azerbaijani family. After graduation from the teachers' seminary in the city of Gori, received a position of a teacher in a village of Gizel-Adjal, Tiflis Province, where he became closely acquainted with the hard life of the local peasantry. Later, Narimanov became a teacher in a private pro-gimnasia in Baku, where he founded the first public free-access library and reading hall, which became a cultural center of the entire Transcaucasia. In 1902, at the age of 32, Narimanov entered the Medical Department of Novorossiysk University. During the revolution of 1905-1907, Narimanov took active part in it and led the student movement in Odessa. In 1905, joined RSDRP (Russian Socialist Democratic Workers' Party). Upon return to Baku, Narimanov guides the Congress of Transcaucasian Turkic Teachers; under his influence, the Congress adopts a resolution on national self-determination of Transcaucasia. A little later, Nariman Narimanov became one of the organizers of Persian socialist democratic party Isheyun-Asheyun. Soon, Narimanov was exiled to Astrakhan for five years for his activities. After the October revolution of 1917, Nariman Narimanov became the chairman of Azerbaijani social democratic organization Gummet (Energy) and struggled for the establishment of soviet power in Transcaucasia. In 1920, became the chairman of Azerbaijani Revolutionary Committee and later the Chairman of People's Commissars' Council of Azerbaijani Republic. In April and May 1922, took part in Genoese Conference as a member of the Soviet delegation. In 1922, was elected the chairman of the Union Council of Transcaucasian Federation. On December 30, 1922, the first session of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR elected Narimanov one of the four chairpersons of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR. In April 1923, Narimanov was elected a candidate to the members of Central Committee of RKP(b) (Russian Communist Party of Bolsheviks).
Narimanov was one of the first activists of young Turkic literature. He translated into Turkic Gogol's Inspector and wrote a large number of plays, stories, and novels; the most well-known among them are the novel Begadir and Sona (1896) and an historical trilogy nadir-shah (1899).
Nariman Narimanov deceased in Moscow on March 19, 1925, as a result of a heart attack. Buried in the Red Square.